""ปัจจัยที่มีผลต่อระดับเอนไซม์โคลีนเอสเตอเรสในเลือดเกษตรกรที่ปลูกส้มโอ ในตําบลคลองน้อย อําเภอปากพนัง จังหวัดนครศรีธรรมราช""

Abstract

""The study is a descriptive study purposed to assess the health impacts and behavioral protection from exposure to chemicals in agricultural pomelo growers in Klong noi Pakpranang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. By studying the agricultural Sangvimarn pomelo growers of 82 families selected from a representative sample of households that use chemicals pesticide by interviewing 50 people, Interviewed form divided into 4 parts: Demographic data, work pesticide chemicals used, knowledge, attitudes and behavior of chemical used and self protection and detection of Cholinesterase enzyme levels in serum of the agricultural Sangvimarn pomelo growers. Data were collected between September and December 2014 was analyzed by computer software and descriptive statistics and statistical analysis of the relationship between variables. The results showed that the respondents were male, 64 percent female, 36 percent average age of 46.41, mostly in the 41-50 age group, 70 percent, were married, 76 percent graduated primary school, 64 percent, the average of income 12,565.21 baht / month. As the disease by 30 percent, mainly hypertension percent, 73.30 and diabetes percentage 13.30 with area of 3.40 acres / family and pomelo plant for more than 10 years with the use of chemical pesticides 88 percent. The mixing and spraying with 76 percent are spraying pesticides within 7 days, 42 percent of the equipment used to spray a backpack used for spraying of 78 percent Engine backpack 20 percent. Towing was 2 percent. The level of knowledge about the use of chemicals in the high 96 percent, with 60 percent positive behavior protection was good. But there are still practical inappropriate behavior such as mixing chemicals exceed the speciied label and mixed species, washing the clothes to work with others, and wearing of personal protective equipments (PPEs). Results of the Cholinesterase enzyme in serum were within the normal percentage of 11.42, the risk level of 37.14, unsafe percentages 42.85, the relation between the variable populations were age, level of knowledge and behavior is associated with the Cholinesterase enzyme was signiicantly (p < 0.05)""

Author

Phiman Thirarattanasunthon

Journal

วารสารอนามัยสิ่งแวดล้อม ปีที่ 18 ฉบับที่ 4 กรกฎาคม - กันยายน 2559

Keywords

Health Impact Assessment (HIA), Enzyme Chorinesterase, Pesticide used

References

http://advisor.anamai.moph.go.th/main.php?filename=health_all