Aerosol optical properties in ultraviolet ranges and respiratory diseases in Thailand

Abstract

This study investigated the values of Angstrom parameters (a,b) in ultraviolet (UV) ranges by using AERONET Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) data. A second-order polynomial was applied to the AERONET data in order to extrapolate to 320 nm from 2003 to 2013 at seven sites in Thailand. The a,b were derived by applying the Volz Method (VM) and Linear Method (LM) at 320e380 nm at seven monitoring sites in Thailand. Aerosol particles were categorized in both coarse and fine modes, depending on regions. Aerosol loadings were related to dry weather, forest fires, sea salt and most importantly, biomass burning in the North, and South of Thailand. Aerosol particles in the Central region contain coarse and fine modes, mainly emitted from vehicles. The b values obtained were associated with turbid and very turbid skies in Northern and Central regions except Bangkok, while b results are associated with clean skies in South. Higher values of the b at all sites were found in the winter and summer compared with the rainy season, in contrast to South where the highest AOD was observed in June. The b values were likely to increase during 2003e2013. These values correlate with worsening health situations as evident from increasing respiratory diseases reported.

Author

Kumharn, Wilawan Hanprasert, Kasarin

Journal

Atmospheric Environment, 2016

Keywords

Aerosol, Atmospheric aerosol, Angstrom turbidity, Ultraviolet

References

www.elsevier.com/locate/atmosenv